by: Larissa Cox
The American Cream Draft Horse is the only breed of draft horse that can be claimed to be a native to the United States.
The foundation dam of the breed was a cream colored draft mare of unknown breeding, Old Granny, purchased in 1911 in Iowa . She was of cream colored coat, pink skin and amber eyes, the three traits resulting from the Champagne gene. Those traits were passed on to her offspring, and those foals drew much attention in the local farming community.
Over the years, the number of Creams increased resulting in a charter being granted by the State of Iowa in 1944 for the American Cream Horse Association. The breed was then recognized in 1950 as standard by the Iowa Department of Agriculture, giving the American Cream draft horse the same status as any other draft breed. Unfortunately as the farm mechanization increased, this breed decreased in numbers.
By the 1970’s the breed association was defunct and the American Cream was nearly extinct. However, In 1982, due to the persistence of a few breeders, a reorganization of the association was started. The American Minor Breeds Conservancy placed the American Cream draft on the list of "endangered breeds" and interest continued to grow in rebuilding the numbers. In 1991, members met and amended the by-laws and the Articles of Incorporation to change the name from The American Cream Association of America to The American Cream Draft Horse Association. The Articles of Incorporation were further amended in 1994 when the Charter was renewed.
According to genetic research, the American Cream is not merely a color but unique in type as well. Foals are born with eyes that are almost white and darken with maturity to an amber or red-brown color. These horses mature late, at around five years of age. Mares can matures to around 16 hands in height and weigh around 1600 lbs. The mature height and weight of stallions is around 16.3 hands and about 1800 lbs. or more. The head is refined and in proportion to a short-coupled body with a sloping shoulder and deep girth. Mane and tail are kept long and flowing. Their temperament is very docile and willing and can be seen in harness as well as ridden.
For More Information on this rare breed, please contact:
The American Cream Draft Horse Association
193 Crossover Road
Bennington, BT 05201
Tel: (802) 447-7612
Fax: (802) 447-0711