Horses are healthiest and happiest outdoors in their pastures. There are a number of reasons why your horse should be outside as much as possible. Although many horses will clamour to come into a stable during nasty weather, it’s important that they live outdoors as much as possible. Sometimes keeping your horse confined in a stall is necessary, such as when a veterinarian prescribes stall rest. But, for the most part, your horse should live outdoors. Here’s why turnout is so important for your horse’s health and well being.
Blood circulation is essential for hoof health, and horses may not get enough exercise standing in a stall. Standing in manure and urine can also lead to problems such as thrush and white line disease. Hoof growth and strength may be compromised if horses are left to stand in a stall for long periods of time, especially if the bedding is left damp. Exercise encourages natural hoof growth.
Learn about stocking up and how to avoid it. Leg injuries occur when horses that are frustrated about staying in kick stall walls or hay feeders. Impatient horses can hurt their front legs by pawing and wear their hooves unevenly.
The boredom of staying indoors for long periods of time may lead your horse to entertain itself by chewing stall walls. Cribbing, stall walking and weaving are vices that can worsen by keeping a horse indoors. While not all vices are solely caused by stabling, keeping a horse indoors, where it will be bored and unable to expend energy can exacerbate any vice the horse may have.
Horses are herd animals. Keeping horses separated in stalls, where they are not able to see and interact with each other can be very stressful. Outdoor pasture, even if horses are kept in separate paddocks, but can still see each other may be better for the mental health of your horse.
Horses who live outside may have fewer episodes of colic than horses who are kept in a lot. A University of Nottingham study suggests that stalled horses may be more prone to colic and that the lack of movement slows the motility of the gut, leading to impaction colic. Horses that are outside tend to colic less often than stabled horses. The same slowed motility that can lead to impaction colic in stabled horses may contribute to EGUS. The mental stress of being stabled for long periods of time may also play a role.
Ammonia fumes that develop as manure, bedding and urine decompose (a process that takes a surprisingly short time), can damage your horse’s airways. Ammonia is caustic and is not only offensive to smell, it can increase your horse’s risk of pneumonia or COPD. Dust too can increase your horse’s susceptibility to chronic inflammatory airway disease. Even in a well-ventilated barn, harmful air can cause problems. Horses breathe easier outdoors.
Bored, energetic horses that are kept in stalls may not only develop troublesome vices, they may misbehave as they find creative ways to burn off excess energy. Horses will act out by kicking at stall walls, snapping at by-passers, chewing or biting anything within reach. When being handled an energetic, bored horse may try to bite its handler, paw and kick out when tied, or have a hard time standing still to be groomed or saddled. When it comes time to ride, you will find your horse may act out by pulling, bucking, being extra spooky, or inattentive to your commands. Horses that can move naturally outdoors are more relaxed and have less pent-up energy, which may make them easier to handle and ride.
Weather and soundness can make the stable the best place for your horse sometimes. But, as much as possible, allow your horse as much turnout time as possible.